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Bands 5 and 7 were excluded from this map because of the frequent occurrence of Oversaturation in those bands over small fires around the world. Band 1 was excluded because of low saturation caused by Detector Ringing events.

SEUs appear similar to and can be mistaken for Impulse Noise or Fire Noise. SEUs have a multi-detector shape, whereas Impulse Noise usually affects only a single pixel.

Unlike Fire Noise, each SEU event only occurs in a single band. Generally, SEUs are not a cause for concern. They do not pose a threat to the health of any properly designed instrument.

The imagery directly underneath the SEU is uncorrectable in the band in which it appears. Landsat data are systematic, geometric, radiometric, and terrain corrected to provide the highest quality data to the user communities. Return to Landsat Known Issues Overview A Single Event Upset (SEU) occurs when an energetic particle travels through a transistor substrate and causes electrical signals within the transistor.

Example of Single Event Upset (SEU) showing the Landsat 7 detector array. Virgin IslandsUtahVermontVirginiaWashingtonWest VirginiaWisconsinWyoming Year Select Year2018201920202021202220232024 Sort by Original Sort Default DescRelease Date AscRelease Date Desc Apply Filter Reset Landsat Known Issues Landsat data are systematic, geometric, radiometric, and terrain corrected to provide the highest quality data to the user communities. Skip to upper content Privacy Policy Legal Accessibility Site Map Contact USGS Science Science Explorer Mission Areas Programs Science Centers Observatories Laboratories Unified Interior Regions Frequently Asked Questions Education Products Data and Tools Maps Publications Software Multimedia Gallery Park Passes USGS Library News Featured Stories News Releases Science Snippets Technical Announcements Employees in the News Get Our News Media Contacts I'm a Reporter Connect Headquarters Locations Contact Us Staff Profiles Social Media About About Us Organization Key Officials Congressional Budget Opportunities Doing Business Emergency Management Survey Manual U.

Thanks to the cooperation of the Kyiv Smart City initiative and the Kyiv City Hospital of Veterinary Medicine, 196 dogs and 264 cats were fitted over the past year.

Within the framework of the Smart Urban, we created a system called Register of Pets. Our team is working on information campaigns and thematic events at Kyiv Smart City Hub.

Main directions of our work: The popularization of the adoption. Communication with the target audience. Intensifying the safety of homeless animals by promoting for tolerant animal laws. Creation of favorable conditions for comfortable coexistence of people and animals in Kyiv. Making social campaigns, events and social projects. The Urban Agenda for the EU was launched in May 2016 with the Pact of Amsterdam. It represents a new multi-level working method promoting cooperation between Member States, cities, the European Commission and other stakeholders in order to stimulate growth, liveability and innovation in the cities of Europe and to identify and successfully tackle social challenges.

The Urban Agenda for the EU aims to realise the full potential and contribution of urban areas towards achieving the objectives of the Union and related national priorities in full respect of subsidiarity and proportionality principles and competences. The Urban Agenda for the EU strives to establish a more effective integrated and coordinated approach to EU policies and legislation with a potential impact on urban areas and also to contribute to territorial cohesion by reducing the socioeconomic gaps observed in urban areas and regions.

The Urban Agenda for the EU strives to involve urban authorities in the design of policies, to mobilise urban authorities for the implementation of EU policies, and to strengthen the urban dimension in these policies. By identifying and striving to overcome unnecessary obstacles in EU policy, the Urban Agenda for the EU aims to enable urban authorities to work in a more systematic and coherent way towards achieving overarching goals. Moreover, it will help make EU policy more urban-friendly, effective and efficient.

The Urban Agenda for the EU will not create new EU funding sources, unnecessary administrative burden, nor affect the current distribution of legal competences and existing working and decision-making structures and will not transfer competences to the EU level (in accordance with Articles 4 and 5 of the Treaty on European Union). The Urban Agenda for the EU focuses specifically on three pillars of EU policy-making and implementation:The Urban Agenda for the EU focuses on a more effective and coherent implementation of existing EU policies, legislation and instruments.

Drawing on the general principles of better regulation, EU legislation should be designed so that it achieves the objectives at minimum cost without imposing unnecessary legislative burdens. In this sense the Urban Agenda for the EU will contribute to the Better Regulation Agenda.

The Urban Agenda for the EU will not initiate new regulation, but will be regarded as an informal contribution to the design of future and revision of existing EU regulation, in order for it to better reflect urban needs, practices and responsibilities. It recognises the need to avoid potential bottlenecks and minimise administrative burdens for urban authorities.

The Urban Agenda for the EU will contribute to identifying, supporting, integrating, and improving traditional, innovative and user-friendly sources of funding for urban areas at the relevant institutional level, including from European structural and investment funds (ESIF) (in accordance with the legal and institutional structures already in place) in view of achieving effective implementation of interventions in urban areas. The Urban Agenda for the EU will not create new or increased EU funding aimed at higher allocations for urban authorities.

However, it will draw from and convey lessons learned on how to improve funding opportunities for urban authorities across all EU policies and instruments, including Cohesion Policy. The Urban Agenda for the EU will contribute to enhancing the knowledge base on urban issues and exchange of best practices and knowledge. Reliable data is important for portraying the diversity of structures and tasks of Urban Authorities, for evidence-based urban policy making, as well as for providing tailor-made solutions to major challenges.

Knowledge on how Urban Areas evolve is fragmented and successful experiences can be better exploited. Initiatives taken in this context will be in accordance with the relevant EU legislation on data protection, the reuse of public sector information and the promotion of big, linked and open data.

For further information, please refer to the Pact of Amsterdam.